The Effect of Melaxen on the Activity of Caspases and the Glutathione Antioxidant System in Toxic Liver Injury

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Abstract


A comparative study of the activity of caspase-1 and caspase-3, the glutathione antioxidant system and NADPH-generating enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase) and a study of DNA fragmentation in the blood serum of patients with chronic alcoholic hepatitis during basic treatment and combination therapy including melaxen have been carried out. It was found that the blood serum level of reduced glutathione, which decreases in pathology, increased more significantly in patients receiving melaxen as compared to the group of patients receiving the standard treatment. More significant changes in the activity of caspase-1 and caspase-3, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase toward the control values were observed during the combination therapy. The correction in the melatonin level under the influence of melaxen apparently had a positive effect on the free-radical homeostasis in patients, which resulted in more pronounced changes in the investigated parameters towards the normal values as compared to the basic treatment.


S. S. Popov

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: biomed-popova@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

K. K. Shulgin

Voronezh State University, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation

Email: biomed-popova@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

A. N. Pashkov

N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: biomed-popova@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

A. A. Agarkov

Voronezh State University, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation

Email: biomed-popova@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

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