Mechanisms of Activation of Voltage-Gated Potassium Channels

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Abstract


Voltage-gated potassium ion channels (Kv) play an important role in a variety of cellular processes, including the functioning of excitable cells, regulation of apoptosis, cell growth and differentiation, the release of neurotransmitters and hormones, maintenance of cardiac activity, etc. Failure in the functioning of Kv channels leads to severe genetic disorders and the development of tumors, including malignant ones. Understanding the mechanisms underlying Kv channels functioning is a key factor in determining the cause of the diseases associated with mutations in the channels, and in the search for new drugs. The mechanism of activation of the channels is a topic of ongoing debate, and a consensus on the issue has not yet been reached. This review discusses the key stages in studying the mechanisms of functioning of Kv channels and describes the basic models of their activation known to date.


A. V. Grizel

Saint Petersburg State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: sokolova@mail.bio.msu.ru

Russian Federation

G. S. Glukhov

Moscow State MV Lomonosov University

Email: sokolova@mail.bio.msu.ru

Russian Federation

O. S. Sokolova

Moscow State MV Lomonosov University

Email: sokolova@mail.bio.msu.ru

Russian Federation

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