Effects of Myosin "Essential" Light Chain A1 on the Aggregation Properties of the Myosin Head

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Abstract


We compared the thermal aggregation properties of two isoforms of the isolated myosin head (myosin subfragment 1, S1) containing different “essential” (or “alkali”) light chains, A1 or A2. Temperature dependencies for the aggregation of these two S1 isoforms, as measured by the increase in turbidity, were compared with the temperature dependencies of their thermal denaturation obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments. At relatively high ionic strength (in the presence of 100 mM KCl) close to its physiological values in muscle fibers, we have found no appreciable difference between the two S1 isoforms in their thermally induced aggregation. Under these conditions, the aggregation of both S1 isoforms was independent of the protein concentration and resulted from their irreversible denaturation, which led to the cohesion of denatured S1 molecules. In contrast, a significant difference between these S1 isoforms was revealed in their aggregation measured at low ionic strength. Under these conditions, the aggregation of S1 containing a light chain A1 (but not A2) was strongly dependent on protein concentration, the increase of which (from 0.125 to 2.0 mg/ml) shifted the aggregation curve by ~10 degrees towards the lower temperatures. It has been concluded that the aggregation properties of this S1 isoform at low ionic strength is basically determined by intermolecular interactions of the N-terminal extension of the A1 light chain (which is absent in the A2 light chain) with other S1 molecules. These interactions seem to be independent of the S1 thermal denaturation, and they may take place even at low temperature.

Effects of Myosin "Essential" Light Chain A1 on the Aggregation Properties of the Myosin Head

D I Markov

Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences

O P Nikolaeva

Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University

D I Levitsky

Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences; Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: levitsky@inbi.ras.ru

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