Non-Viral Delivery and Therapeutic Application of Small Interfering RNAs

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Abstract


RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful method used for gene expression regulation. The increasing knowledge about the molecular mechanism of this phenomenon creates new avenues for the application of the RNAi technology in the treatment of various human diseases. However, delivery of RNA interference mediators, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), to target cells is a major hurdle. Effective and safe pharmacological use of siRNAs requires carriers that can deliver siRNA to its target site and the development of methods for protection of these fragile molecules from in vivo degradation. This review summarizes various strategies for siRNA delivery, including chemical modification and non-viral approaches, such as the polymer-based, peptide-based, lipid-based techniques, and inorganic nanosystems. The advantages, disadvantages, and prospects for the therapeutic application of these methods are also examined in this paper.


N. A. Nikitenko

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: nanthalia@gmail.com

Russian Federation

V. S. Prassolov

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: nanthalia@gmail.com

Russian Federation

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